• LATEST
    • A PHP Error was encountered

      Severity: Notice

      Message: Undefined variable: latest

      Filename: views/_header.php

      Line Number: 48

      A PHP Error was encountered

      Severity: Warning

      Message: Invalid argument supplied for foreach()

      Filename: views/_header.php

      Line Number: 48


Investasi Pendidikan Ekosistem Kelautan

Program Convention for Biological Diversity Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa (PBB) tidak cukup cepat mencegah krisis keragaman hayati khususnya perlindungan keragaman hayati kelautan akhir-akhir ini. Negara penanda tangan konvensi ini tidak mencapai target sehingga tidak menghasilkan harapan valid tentang masa depan keragaman-hayati. Begitu hasil kajian ahli California Academy of Science (Amerika Serikat) dan Brazil yang dirilis oleh Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation edisi Desember 2018 (California Academy of Sciences, 14/12/2018).

“We want to call attention to the fact that while the commitments of signatory parties to UN sustainability goals are important and necessary, they're also overlooking critical conservation challenges,” ungkap Dr. Hudson Pinheiro, ketua tim kajian dan peneliti pasca-doktor pada California Academy of Science, San Francisco (Science Daily, 14/12/2018).

Tim ahli itu mengkaji Paris Accords (khususnya SGD-14 tentang kelautan) yang mencakup 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) dan Aichi Biodiversity Targets (Target 11 proteksi 10% keragaman-hayati kelautan tahun 2020). Target-target ini selalu dipromosi oleh UN Convention for Biological Diversity dan negara-negara penanda-tangan konvensi. Hasilnya, rekomendasi prioritas konservasi bidang area perlindungan kelautan (Marine protected areas / MPAs), manajemen ekosistem pantai, polusi kelautan, asidifikasi kelautan, dan overfishing.

“Near-shore waters have a greater diversity of species and face more immediate threats from energy extraction, tourism, development, habitat degradation and overfishing. If we leave these highly vulnerable and biodiverse places at risk, we're not really accomplishing the goal of protecting the seas,” ungkap Dr Luiz Rocha, ketua tim prakarsa Hope for Reefs.

Solusinya ialah investasi sektor pendidikan lingkungan. “Investment in education and outreach is essential. Now is the time for scientists, managers, and stakeholders to work together to defend marine biodiversity, ecosystem services, and resources that the world depends on. And it starts with a critical re-evaluation of sustainability targets, how they are being met, and how they motivate marine conservation,” ungkap Dr. Pinheiro. 

Oleh: Servas Pandur