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Buli Saat SMA Pengaruhi Pemilih Pada Piplres AS

Rata-rata buli di kalangan siswa-siswi SMA pada musim semi 2017 di Amerika Serikat (AS) berkisar 18% lebih tinggi pada zona-zona kemenangan Donald Trump dari Partai Republik daripada zona-zona kemenangan Hillary Clinton dari Partai Demokrat. Begitu hasil riset lebih dari 155.000 anak kelas 7-8 SMA pada 132 sekolah negara bagian Virginia (AS) yang dirilis oleh Educational Researcher (American Educational Research Association/AERA, 9/1/2019).

Associate Professor Statistik Francis Huang dari University of Missouri dan ahli pendidikan Profesor Dewey Cornell dari University of Virginia, menggunakan data survei iklim sekolah tahun 2013, 2015, dan 2017. Hasilnya, 10% kenaikan pemilih Donald Trump berkaitan dengan kenaikan 5% perilaku goda karena ras dan 8% buli di SMA. Sebelum Pemilihan Presiden 2016, tidak ada perbedaan signifikan rata-rata buli dan intimidasi pada kantong partai Republik dan partai Demokrat (Safe Communities Institute, 11/1/2019).

“We found consistent differences in teasing and bullying rates that were linked to voting preferences. While our findings do not indicate that support for Trump caused bullying to increase in Republican districts, they do provide some credence to the widespread perception that some types of teasing and bullying have increased, at least in some localities.

It may be that presidential behavior has indirect effects on the social environment experienced by students, but we won't know until more studies are conducted,” ungkap Huang (AERA/Educational Researcher, 9/1/2019).

Dalam studi ini, kontrol variabel antara lain tingkat buli dan goda pra-Pilpres, status sosial-ekonomi, kepadatan penduduk, dan persentase pendaftaran sekolah siswa kulit putih. “While the ways in which the presidential election could have affected students is likely complex, educators and parents should be aware of the potential impact of public events on student behavior. Parents should be mindful of how their reactions to the presidential election, or the reactions of others, could influence their children. And politicians should be mindful of the potential impact of their campaign rhetoric and behavior on their supporters and indirectly on youth,” papar Cornell (American Educational Research Association, 9/1/2019).

Oleh: Servas Pandur