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Evolusi Survival Manusia Picu Ketergantungan Pada HP

Akhir-akhir ini, pola hidup dan pola hubungan siang-malam hampir 50% orang dewasa di Amerika Serikat sulit tanpa hand-phone (HP) . Hal ini dipicu oleh evolusi survival spesies manusia. Begitu hasil riset psikolog Profesor David Sbarra asal University of Arizona dan koleganya di State University, Amerika Serikat, yang dirilis oleh Perspectives on Psychological Science (Sbarra, David, Julia L. Briskin, Richard B. Slatcher, “Smartphones and Close Relationships: The Case for an Evolutionary Mismatch,” PsyArXiv, Nov. 5, 2018).

“The draw or pull of a smartphone is connected to very old modules in the brain that were critical to our survival, and central to the ways we connect with others are self-disclosure and responsiveness. Evolution shaped self-disclosure and responsiveness in the context of small kin networks, and we now see these behaviors being cued more or less constantly by social networking sites and through our phones. We now have the outer-most edges of our social network cue us for responsiveness. Look no further than the next person you see scrolling through Facebook and mindlessly hitting the 'like' button while his kid is trying to tell him a story,” ungkap Profesor David Sbarra.

Evolusi sejarah umat manusia memicu ketergantungannya pada HP. Sangat lama manusia sulit berkomunikasi jarak-jauh satu-sama lain. Sehingga pola-relasi survival awal evolusinya sangat bergantung pada keluarga dan sahabat. Pola komunikasi bergantung pada gotong-royong atau koperasi dan saling-percaya khususnya ketika seseorang menyingkap data-dirinya. Kini HP memudahkan komunikasi jarak-jauh antara manusia (Science Daily, 11/2/2019).

“Between 2000 and 2018, we've seen the largest technological advances, arguably, at any point in the last 100 years. We are interested in understanding the role of social relationships in human well-being. We can understand this from the level of what individuals do in relationships, but we can also understand it at the level of societal changes and societal forces that may push on relationships,” papar Profesor David Sbarra (University of Arizona, 11/2/2019). 


Oleh: Servas Pandur