• LATEST
    • A PHP Error was encountered

      Severity: Notice

      Message: Undefined variable: latest

      Filename: views/_header.php

      Line Number: 48

      A PHP Error was encountered

      Severity: Warning

      Message: Invalid argument supplied for foreach()

      Filename: views/_header.php

      Line Number: 48


Internet Mengubah Cara-Kerja Otak

Hasil riset kolaborasi ahli asal Western Sydney University (Australia), Harvard University (Amerika Serikat), Kings College, Oxford University (Inggris) dan University of Manchester (Inggris) menemukan bahwa Internet dapat mengubah area-area kognitif tertentu otak manusia; perubahan-perubahan itu dapat mempengaruhi kemampuan-kemampuan memperhatikan, cara-kerja ingatan, dan interaksi sosial seseorang (NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, 5/6/4019).

Laporan studi ilmiah itu dipimpin oleh Dr. Joseph Firth, Senior Research Fellow di NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University dan Fellow Research di The University of Manchester. Laporan itu memasukkan bukti untuk menghasilkan model-model yang telah direvisi tentang pengaruh Internet terhadap struktur dan fungsi atau cara-kerja otak, serta perkembangan kognitif otak manusia (Science Daily, 5/6/2019).

"The key findings of this report are that high-levels of Internet use could indeed impact on many functions of the brain. For example, the limitless stream of prompts and notifications from the Internet encourages us towards constantly holding a divided attention -- which then in turn may decrease our capacity for maintaining concentration on a single task. Additionally, the online world now presents us with a uniquely large and constantly-accessible resource for facts and information, which is never more than a few taps and swipes away. Given we now have most of the world's factual information literally at our fingertips, this appears to have the potential to begin changing the ways in which we store, and even value, facts and knowledge in society, and in the brain,” papar Dr. Joseph Firth (NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, 5/6/4019).

Dari hasil dan kesimpulan riset, senior-author studi ilmiah itu, Profesor Jerome Sarris, Deputy Director dan Director of Research pada NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, mengusulkan penggunaan Internet secara sehat (Internet hygiene). “The bombardment of stimuli via the Internet, and the resultant divided attention commonly experienced, presents a range of concerns. I believe that this, along with the increasing #Instagramification of society, has the ability to alter both the structure and functioning of the brain, while potentially also altering our social fabric. To minimise the potential adverse effects of high-intensity multi-tasking Internet usage, I would suggest mindfulness and focus practice, along with use of 'Internet hygiene' techniques (e.g. reducing online multitasking, ritualistic 'checking' behaviours, and evening online activity, while engaging in more in-person interactions),” ungkap Profesor Jerome Sarris.

Laporan riset dan kajian itu dirilis oleh jurnal World Psychiatry, edisi 6 Mei 2019 (Joseph Firth, John Torous, Brendon Stubbs, Josh A. Firth, Genevieve Z. Steiner, Lee Smith, Mario Alvarez?Jimenez, John Gleeson, Davy Vancampfort, Christopher J. Armitage, Jerome Sarris, “ The “online brain”: how the Internet may be changing our cognition,” World Psychiatry, 2019). Proyek riset itu dibiayai oleh Blackmores Institute Fellowship, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council di Australia, dan lembaga-lembaga lainnya.

Proyek riset itu melibatkan kolaborasi banyak ahli yaitu  (1) Joseph Firth asal NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Westmead, Australia; Division of Psychology and Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, Inggris; Centre for Youth Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; (2) John Torous asal Division of Digital Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, Amerika Serikat.

(3) Brendon Stubbs, PhD, asal Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King’s College London, London, Inggris; Physiotherapy Department, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, Inggris; (4)  Josh A. Firth asal Department of Zoology, Edward Grey Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford, Inggris; Merton College, University of Oxford, Oxford, Inggris; (5)  Genevieve Z. Steiner asal NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Westmead, Australia; Translational Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW, Australia;  

(6) Lee Smith asal Cambridge Centre for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, Inggris; (7) Mario Alvarez-Jimenez asal Centre for Youth Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; Orygen, The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health, Uni-versity of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia;  (7) John Gleeson asal Centre for Youth Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; School of Psychology, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia; (8) Davy Vancampfort asal Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgia; University Psychiatric Center, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgia.

(9)  Christopher J. Armitage asal Division of Psychology and Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, Inggris; NIHR Manchester Biomedical Research Centre, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, Inggris; NIHR Greater Manchester Patient Safety Translational Research Centre, Manchester, Inggris; dan (10) Jerome Sarris asal NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Westmead, Australia; Professorial Unit, The Melbourne Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Australia. 

Oleh: Servas Pandur